Infertility is common for both male and female. For fertility female age and health are considered as main factors. Having regular unprotected sex with the partner after marriage is the best choice of early pregnancy. Even after having coitus as said above when a young woman misses her pregnancy, then she definitely needs the consultation from an infertility specialist.
If a woman already had multiple surgeries for problems like endometriosis then she should not wait for one year and she must consult the doctor as early as possible to achieve pregnancy. In the case of aged women who are more than 35 years should immediately get an appointment from obstetrics and gynecologist. Women, who have Body Mass Index (BMI) more than 30, may increase the chances of infertility, repeated abortions, irregular periods and anovulation.
It is otherwise called artificial insemination or test tube baby in which the sperms and egg are taken out of the body and in a sterile culture lab where the embryo is formed. IVF and ICSI are the two prominent protocols to treat infertility.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is generally preferred to the women who have endometriosis, blocked or damaged fallopian tubes where the egg and sperm cannot meet each other. In this procedure, a woman is administered with hormones for proper ovulation. Once the ovum is formed it is retried and injected with sperm, kept in the lab for 3-5 days for embryo formation. After the embryo formation, it is placed in the woman’s uterus to achieve a successful pregnancy.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a procedure done for male infertility. In this procedure, the mature egg is held with a specialized pipette. A sharp, hollow needle is used to pick the quality sperm and then the quality sperm is inserted through the egg shell and into the egg’s cytoplasmic area. After injecting the sperm into cytoplasm the needle is removed. The eggs are regularly checked out for the normal fertilization.
Vijaya Institute of Medical Sciences from Cochin is headed by Dr. N.P. Vijayalakshmy holds the pride of having started first IVF Center in Kerala. With her experience and expertise, she has been treating so many infertile couples successfully.
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