Assisted Reproductive Technology or ART can be defined as a reproductive technology used for infertility treatment. This fertility treatment method makes use of fertility medication, in vitro fertilization or surrogacy to achieve pregnancy.
Types of Assisted Reproductive Technology
In order to help people to achieve pregnancy assisted reproductive technology covers a wide spectrum of treatments, depending on the cause of infertility.
The following are some of the assisted reproductive technology:
Ovulation Induction (OI): This type of treatment technology is used in a woman who is not ovulating or not ovulating regularly. In this procedure, a tablet or injection (hormone medication) will be given to increase the production of follicle stimulating hormone. This results in the development of one or more follicles and by using the administration of another hormone egg will be released from the follicle. The chances of conception greatly increase, if the couple has intercourse around this time.
Artificial Insemination (AI): Artificial insemination or Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a treatment technology used in women with healthy fallopian tubes, but cannot conceive due to unknown reasons. In this procedure, just before the time of ovulation the semen is inserted into the uterus of the woman through the cervix.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): In this procedure the eggs are removed from the ovary and fertilized with the sperm in a laboratory procedure, then the fertilized eggs or embryo is transferred to the uterus.
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT): In this procedure the eggs retrieved from the ovaries are inserted into two layers of sperm in fine tubing. Then the sperm and eggs are allowed to fertilize naturally by feeding this tube into the woman's fallopian tubes.
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): ICSI involves the injection of a single sperm into the egg to achieve fertilization
Surrogacy: In this form of ART, a woman carries a baby for a couple with an intention of giving the baby to that couple after birth.
Vijaya Fertility Clinic IVF and Endoscopic Centre, is the First IVF centre in Kerala, provides all kinds of infertility treatments at affordable rates. Dr N P Vijayalakshmy who is specialized in Assisted Reproductive Technology effectively treats infertile couples with her vast experience and expertise.
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